Educators, behavioral scientists and researchers, medical professionals, and child development specialists are confirming that musical training can significantly enhance child development. Several studies indicate that exposure to music— listening, learning, and playing music, does have beneficial effects for children of preschool and elementary age. Active musical training, in particular, can improve their problem-solving skills, physical coordination, poise, concentration, memory, visual, aural and language skills, self-discipline, as well as their self-confidence and ability to learn.
According to Maria Montessori M.D., it is very important for children to receive exposure and experience with music between the ages of two and a half to six. Dr. Montessori called this period the sensitive period for learning. During this sensitive period, children are sensitive to learning and absorbing music. The sensitive periods are blocks or stages of time that a child is particularly sensitive to or attuned to the acquisition of some particular knowledge or skill (Montessori, 1966).
The purpose of the Montessori musical program is to develop the children’s nonverbal affective communication, to increase their understanding and enjoyment of music within our culture, and to enhance their ability to express themselves through music.